What is the most efficient dosage of periodic exposure to positive 1G(z) during microgravity to maintain a functional upright position after returning to a positive 1G(z) environment? The answer has implications for the type of countermeasures astronauts will be required to perform during long term space flight. Methods: Nine males were subjected to four different positive 1G exposure protocols plus a control protocol ('zero G(z)') during four days of continuous bedrest. The four positive 1G(z) exposures consisted of periodic standing or walking, each for a total period of two or four hours. Each subject was returned for bedrest on five different occasions over a period of approximately one year to obtain data on each of the nine subjects across all four positive 1G(z) treatments and the control. A 30 min tilt test was used to measure orthostatic response during pre and post bedrest. Results: In terms of survival rate (percentage of subjects who did not faint after 30 sec of tilt), four hours of intermittent standing was the only protocol that maintained a rate comparable to pre bedrest levels (87.5 percent). Although the other three positive 1G(z) protocols performed better than the 'zero G(z) control (22.2 percent), only the four hour standing returned post bedrest survival rates to pre bedrest levels. Conclusions: The results will need to be evaluated with regards to a variety of other physiological systems which are known to decondition during microgravitry.